The Teatro della Pergola is the Florence historical theatre and one of the oldest and rich of history across Italy, situated on the Via della Pergola at even numbers from 12 to 30. Unlike what it is normal to think, the theatre took the name of the road in which it rose up and not vice versa, even if in the 1500 in the vicinity of the theatre there was a grapes pergola.
The Theatre is architectural requirements subjected since 1943, inasmuch as "First great example of Italian style theatre" and as "Episode of fundamental importance for the documentation of Italian and global theatre history".
The theatre was erected with a wooden structure in 1656 by Ferdinando Tacca, on the instructions of Accademia degli Immobili, led by cardinal Giovan Carlo de' Medici since 1652. It is considered the first great theatre with superposed tiers of boxes ('all'italiana), rather than the traditional ancient semi-circular decreasing seating.
The theatre, subsequently became "teatro granducale" (Grand Ducal theatre), has then received various transformations. In the first half of the 19th century La Pergola was the temple of the Classic Italian drama, the theatre of Bellini, Donizetti and Verdi. At the end of the century it begun the transformation in a stage of prose, thanks to the presence of actors like Eleonora Duse. In 1942 the Immobili cede the Pergola to the Italian State which manage it through the Italian Theatre Board (Ente Teatrale Italiano) until 2011. In the 1960s it becomes the place par excellence of the italian prose, where Eduardo and Gassman triumph.
The Teatro della Pergola nowadays offers various activities which interest his museum path, to discover the history of the building and the theatrical art over the centuries. Furthermore, the Museo della Pergola organises visits to the discovery of distinctive features of the city, which are often hidden or forgotten places, rich of charm and history.